Sanate, nick-named as “The Island in the Air”, is a high plateau souring up over 4000m on top. The second highest peak next to Ras Dajen in Ethiopia, Tullu Dimtu (4377m above sea level), is among many peaks on the plateau found. An all weather road from Goba to Dalo Manna passes over this plateau. The seasonal tiny alpine lakes, some rare birds, and above all, the endemic Red Fox and giant Mole rat the top tourist attraction mostly specific to Bale Mountains National Park are spotted here. The southern Haranna area is an area of lower altitude covered with dense moist tropical forest, The road penetrating Sanete and Haranna forest connects Goba with Dalo Manna. Bush pig, African hunting dog, giant forest hog, spotted hyena, lion, leopards, colobus monkey, etc. abound in Haranna forest area.

The beautiful rainbow and trout fish stocked in the Park Rivers with fry from Kenya in 1960 may give tourists a fishing opportunity if they have time. The lodge at Dinsho provides tourists with 31 beds (room 6) and kitchen equipment for self seivice. The accommodation is simple but pleasant. Camping at Dinsho and at different sites in the park gives great delight to tourists. While in Bale Mountains National Park there are important specific sites worth visiting, these are Dinsho head quarter site, where you can see Mountain Nyala, Bush Buck, Warthog, Birds, Museum Gassay Valley where you see Mountain Nyala, Reed buck, Throut fish, Warthog and Birds Sanete where you can see Red Fox, Endemic Molerats on which the fox feeds, Birds, the Peak of Tuliu Dimtu, Harana escarpment where you enjoy thick natural forest and camping in complete wilderness to watch Lion, Bush Pig, leopard, hunting Dog, Besides Tourism the Bale Mountains National Park is an area of major  importance in nature conservation, scientific research and education. Among the major factors that contribute to the uniqueness of the park the following distinctive feature can be mentioned:

  • The park conserves the largest area of afro alpine habitat on the continent of Africa;
  • The Harana Forest, at the south of the area, is the second largest stand of moist tropical forest remaining in Ethiopia;
  • The area is a centre of endemicity that conserves stocks of genetic materials, much of which is not just endemic to Ethiopia, but is confined


only to these mountains;

  • The area contains the largest population of endemic Mountain Nyala and the endangered Red Fox.
  • The area also contains the entire global population of giant mole rat etc,
  • The 20km highway stretching on Sanete makes the park the only motorable place at an altitude of 4377massive in African giving you a driving experience above the cloud.

Tourist activities

  • Trekking- Trekking, as opposed to hiking, involves traveling by foot over longer periods of time. The journey often goes through rough terrains, such as mountains or jungles. Bale is the best in this.
  • Hiking-hiking is a natural exercise that promotes physical fitness, is economical and convenient, and requires no special equipment. Bale is the best at this.
  • Camping-
  • Horseback riding
  • Wildlife expedition
  • Birds watching
  • Rock climbing is a demanding activity, both mentally and physically. You’ll need strong arm and leg muscles so you don’t lose your grip. You’ll also need to think on your feet (so to speak) so you know where to place your hands and feet next.
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The Harenna Forest is located in a highland forest region of the Bale Mountians National Park in the Oromia region of southeastern Ethiopia.

A beautiful jungle-esque region, the Harenna forest is a hot-spot of biodiversity, with a plethora of indigenous species living here. One of the last remaining natural forests in the country, the rich fauna and flora supports an array of unique wildlife. Atop the giant heather trees, golden crowned Bale mountain monkeys, giant forest hogs and a vast selection of brightly coloured birds are often the most visible.  Nyalas, various types of buck, and even lions and panthers live in the forest.

Bee hives are made from hollowed out tree trunks, and supported high in the air with long strips of bamboo. These ancient methods, long forgotten in other parts of the world, still support the local economy. While other parts of Ethiopia are moving to more modern production, the 600 families of the Harenna Forest are reluctant to abandon techniques honed over generations.


Tourist activities

  • Forest adventures
  • Research
  • Safari holidays involve watching wild animals in their natural habitat to observe and photograph wildlife
  • Ecotourism activity- visiting and staying at places of undisturbed natural environment
  1. Back on the main road from Goba, continue heading east, where the road takes a sharp bend as it crosses the Web River and begins to head north through the towns of Ginir and Jara before coming to Shek Husen, seventy-eight Kilometres (48 miles) north of Ginir. The site, Ethiopia’s most important place of Muslim pilgrimage, is situated on the borders of Arsi and Bale regions and quite close to the border of Harerge.

Sheikh Hussein is visited twice a year by many thousands of pilgrims from all over eastern Ethiopia, and comprises a large complex of mosques, shrines, and tombs surrounded by a stout wall. There are also a number of man-made caves and artificial ponds in the area. Holy white chalk from the caves is taken back by the pilgrims to many parts of the country.

Tourist activity

  • Religious activity/pilgrim- Religious tourism, also known as faith tourism refers to traveling individually or in groups to holy sites. This place is referred as meka of the poor
  • Tombstone- Tombstone tourist is an individual who enjoys history of famous deaths, cemeteries, epitaphs and gravestone rubbing. At dirre sheick hussien there are tombs of famous religious sehabas.
  • Cultural activity-Cultural tourism is where travelers engage with a country or religion’s culture, especially the lifestyle and other elements that shaped the life of the people
  • Historical exploration- the shrine was built 1000 years ago and this heritage is an opportunity to tourists with research purpose and history lovers.

Established in 1970, Bale Mountains National park (BMNP) covers the largest area higher than 3000m above sea level (asl) in Africa. The highest peak in the BMNP, Tullu Dimtuu, at an altitude of 4377m asl, is the second highest peak in Ethiopia. The park includes an Afroalpine plateau over 3500m asl, which is the largest area of Afroalpine habitat on the African continent, as well as a major section of moist tropical forest, the second largest in Ethiopia. The park is known by its diversified wildlife resources and affluent endemic birds and mammals. It is  400 km from Addis Ababa with an Area of 2,200 km2. Moreover, it is a home of   Mountain Nyala, Menelik’s Bushbuck, Ethiopian Wolf, Lion, Leopard, Bohor Reedbuck, Bale Monkey and , Abyssinian Hare.

BMNP is also endowed with vast amount of bird species including  Blue-winged Goose, Abyssinian cat bird, White Cheeked turaco, Spot-breasted lapwing, Abyssinian long claw, Ethiopian/black-headed siskin, Roget’s rail, Golden Eagle, Lammergeyer, Abyssinian Wood Pecker


This is a magnificent high altitude plateau with numerous dramatic volcanic plugs,  easonal tiny alpine lakes and cascading mountain streams. Located at about 400 kilometers from Addis Ababa, it is stretched over an area of 2000 square kilometers with in altitude ranges of 1500m-4377m above sea level. Being the largest Afro Alpine abitat park in Africa, Bale mountain National Park offers the following major features of attraction.

It gives chances of viewing about 46 mammal and more than 200 bird species and vegetation of unspoiled wonderland including various tree species and precious endemic mammals, namely Red Fox, Mountain Nyala, and Menelik’s Bushbuck. Its climate is mostly very cold with high rainfall and damp cloud with rare sparkling blue sky.. The best season of walking, trekking and camping in the park to view the endemic life and enjoy other tourist activities in the astonishing vast alpine areas is the dry season which is from November to March. Visitors can also enjoy the habitat at all seasons with warm and weather proof clothing.

The three main divisions of the park, includes the northern area-Dinsho and Gassay Plain the central alpine part-Sanate, and the southern forest area-Haranna that offer distinct features. Dinsho area is the perfect site of viewing Mountain Nyala and Menelik’s Bushbuck, etc. Tourists can also visit the head quarter and the museum of the park here at Dinsho and get lodge service and relevant information about the park.

Tourist activities

  • Trekking- Trekking, as opposed to hiking, involves traveling by foot over longer periods of time. The journey often goes through rough terrains, such as mountains or jungles. Bale is the best in this.
  • Hiking-hiking is a natural exercise that promotes physical fitness, is economical and convenient, and requires no special equipment. Bale is the best at this.
  • Camping- Camping is a famous outdoor activity that involves an overnight stay in a tent. Bale is the at this proving more than 22 camping sites.
  • Fishing
  • Horseback riding
  • Wildlife expedition
  • Forest adventures- Jungle tourism is a subcategory of adventure tourism which is nothing but traveling to the jungle regions. Harannaa part of the bale mountains national park provides this option

Bale (Oromo: Baale) is one of the zones in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia. Bale is named for the former Sultanate of Bale, which was in approximately the same area. Bale is bordered on the south by the Ganale Dorya River which separates it from Guji, on the west by the West Arsi Zone, on the north by Arsi, on the northeast by the Shebelle River which separates it from West Hararghe and East Hararghe, and on the east by the Somali Region.